In New Brunswick, annual fuel costs for a battery electric vehicle is approximately $570 in electricity while a plug-in hybrid costs $180 in electricity plus $450 in gas compared to over $2,000 in gas costs for a compact car. These costs are based on travelling 20,000 km per year. Actual savings will depend on the model of car and driving patterns of the driver.
In general, fully electric cars cost about one-sixth as much to ‘fuel’ using electricity, compared to a gas car. Furthermore, electric cars require less maintenance. They don’t need spark plugs, oil changes, transmission fluid, mufflers or exhaust pipes.
By switching to an electric car in New Brunswick you can reduce your CO2 emissions by approximately 80%.
While electric cars do not emit CO2 from the burning of gas, the emissions from the electricity used to charge the batteries must be considered. By 2020 - when we expect 75 percent non-GHG emitting energy- there is expected to be a further 15 percent reduction in CO2 emissions as additional clean renewable energy sources come on-line in New Brunswick. This will reduce the CO2 emissions to approximately 215g per kWh.
Based on driving 20,000km per year, a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle emits approximately 1,400kg of CO2 and a battery electric vehicle emits about 725kg compared to approximately 4,200kg from a compact gas car.
As the province’s electricity provider, NB Power is committed to supporting and facilit
ating the electric vehicle market as it evolves in the province so customers have access to electric vehicle technology, products and services when they are ready for it. Across North America, the electric vehicle market is evolving and car manufacturers and dealers are beginning to embrace this evolution. The number of electric vehicle certified dealers is growing each month, and New Brunswick already has approximately four certified dealers in the province.
NB Power needs to be prepared for the increased adoption of electric vehicle, as studies predict significant growth in electric vehicle sales by 2020. NB Power wants to ensure that it can serve these customers and also ensure these vehicles don't have a negative impact on the power grid.
NB Power recognizes electric vehicles (EVs) are a part of the solution to climate change mitigation and creation of a sustainable energy future that embraces renewable energy sources and reduces reliance on fossil fuels. NB Power is supporting the uptake of EVs in New Brunswick with a plan to have public networked chargers installed throughout the province.
Twenty-five per cent of NB Power’s light duty passenger fleet vehicles are electric and NB Power has helped to conduct fleet reviews with municipalities and PNB to see where there may be opportunities for electric vehicles. We have also tested charging stations in New Brunswick’s climate and installed a number of Level 2 public and fleet charging stations throughout the province. These public charging stations can be found in: Fredericton, Moncton, Shediac, and Quispamsis.
Networked chargers are connected to the internet and can receive software updates remotely, track revenue collection for charging sessions, show charger availability, and have usage reporting capability. In the future, networked chargers will also be able to connect to the Integrated Load Management System (ILM). The above benefits are not available on non-networked chargers.
Currently, charging is free is at the NB Power Level 2 public charging stations. Customers can request an access card through NB Power. Once you have a card:
- Pass your access card in front of the reader.
- The charging connector will unlock, allowing you to plug it into your vehicle.
- As soon as the connector is plugged into your vehicle, the charging sequence begins.
- Upon your return, place the connector back in its designated compartment and close the door.
Most public charging is free today, but that is changing quickly and it depends on where the charger is located. Check ahead on the CAA website (http://electricvehicles.caa.ca ) or be prepared to pay at least $1/hour for charging.
Yes, you should expect that charging an electric vehicle will increase your overall electricity consumption, which will result in nominally higher monthly charges. However, your refueling charges will be significantly less than the cost to fuel with diesel or gasoline and you will not have the costs associated with the operation and maintenance of internal combustion vehicles.
If you have decided to install a charging station at home, consult a licensed electrical contractor for an estimate.
Possibly. Consult an electrician as in some cases homes need to be upgraded to a 200 amp service, depending on other electrical loads in your home.
A standard 120 volt wall outlet can provide level 1 charging.
You can also install a faster home charging station (Level 2 - 240 volts) which uses the same receptacle as a clothes dryer. NB Power recommends homeowners install a networked residential charger, as networked chargers enable their owners to remotely manage charging, obtain usage data and in the future will enable Smart Grid functions. The average price of a level 2 (240 volt) networked residential charger is about $1,300. The cost to install a charger can vary greatly – from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand.
Think of your home charging station like any other appliance in your home. It is up to you if you want to take it with you when you move or sell it along with your EV. Depending on the kind of station you have, you may be able to simply unplug it. If the charging station is wired into your home’s electrical system, you may need an electrician to disconnect it.
If you purchase a second EV, you can install a second charging station if you have sufficient capacity on your electrical panel, something an electrician can determine for you. Another alternative is to replace your existing station with a dual-port model. These are more expensive than standard stations because they manage the charging activity of two EVs within the power supply of a single charging station.